Facts About Norway: Your Guide to The Norwegian Life


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Norway is a country that’s as complex as it is picturesque. It’s like that layered cake you can’t help but dig into, revealing surprise after delightful surprise. We’re talking a rich history that goes beyond Vikings, a cultural landscape that’s rooted in nature, and yes, a bit of oil in the mix—literally!

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Intrigued yet? Great! Fasten your seat belts—or should we say, tighten your ski boots—because we’re about to take you on a whirlwind tour of all the interesting facts about Norway. From the quirks of the Norwegian language to the intricacies of the local economy, we’ve got you covered. So grab a cup of piping hot Norwegian coffee (trust us, you’ll learn to love it), and let’s dive in!

Key Takeaways

  • Norway’s geography is breathtakingly diverse, featuring fjords, mountains, and a lengthy coastline.
  • Norway boasts a strong economy based on natural resources like oil, seafood, and renewable energy.
  • The country’s social welfare system is among the best, offering universal healthcare and other benefits.
  • The food scene is an eclectic mix of traditional and modern, with a focus on fresh, local ingredients.
  • Public transportation is efficient, making it easy to explore both urban and rural areas.
  • Norway has a diverse climate, influenced by its latitude and topography.
  • Leisure and entertainment range from outdoor adventures to a rich cultural scene.

Geography: Where Mountains Meet the Sea

Ah, the Norwegian landscape—a breathtaking fusion of towering mountains, craggy cliffs, and serene fjords that look like they’ve been painted by the gods themselves. Imagine a place where you can go from bustling city life to tranquil countryside within just an hour’s drive. That’s Norway for you! But hey, it’s not all just Instagram-worthy sights; there’s some genuinely fascinating geography at play here.

Fjords, Fjords, and More Fjords!

You can’t talk about Norway without mentioning fjords. These iconic narrow waterways, walled in by steep cliffs and mountains, make the country look like a fantasy novel come to life.

Geologically speaking, fjords are a result of glacial erosion, but if you ask a local, they might tell you it’s the work of trolls and giants from ancient lore. Whatever you choose to believe, these fjords make for stunning scenery and awesome kayaking trips.

Above and Beyond: The Arctic Circle

Norway is one of those rare places where you can literally be on top of the world. Parts of it lie within the Arctic Circle, which leads to some out-of-this-world natural phenomena. Ever heard of the Midnight Sun or Polar Nights? Well, in Norway, the sun doesn’t set for about two months in the summer in the far north, and conversely, you’ll have a long Polar Night where the sun says “See ya!” for about two months in the winter. Talk about a land of contrasts!

Coastal Living with a Twist

One more thing that’s truly mind-boggling about Norway’s geography is its coastline. You might think a country this size would have a modest stretch of coast, but nope! The coastline is so jagged and intricate that if you stretched it out, it would go around the Earth two and a half times! Norwegians take their maritime culture seriously, from fishing to boating, so you’ll find a wealth of experiences connected to the sea.

A Mountain for Every Man, Woman, and Child

Let’s switch gears and ascend to higher altitudes. Did you know that Norway has more than 300 mountain peaks above 2,000 meters? That’s a whole lot of hiking, skiing, and jaw-dropping panoramic views! Whether you’re an outdoor enthusiast or someone who simply wants to take in the grandeur, there’s a mountain trail calling your name.

Language and Communication

What’s the Norwegian word for “hello”? If you said “Hei,” give yourself a pat on the back! But let’s get real, there’s so much more to communicating in Norway than just mastering greetings. If you thought Norwegian was simply another Scandinavian language like Swedish or Danish, oh boy, are you in for a treat!

The Dialects: Norwegian’s Many Flavors

Norwegian isn’t just Norwegian; it’s like a language buffet with a smorgasbord of dialects. Imagine walking from one town to another and feeling like people are speaking a slightly different language. That’s Norway for you! There are regional dialects, and trust us, Norwegians take them seriously. It’s like having multiple dialects is a national pastime or something. So, if you’re picking up the language, get ready for a fun ride!

What the Heck is ‘Janteloven’?

While we’re talking communication, let’s delve into something uniquely Norwegian: Janteloven, or the Law of Jante. This cultural concept basically means you shouldn’t think you’re better than anyone else. Norwegians value humility and equality, so excessive boasting is frowned upon. No one’s telling you to dim your light, but understanding Janteloven is like getting a VIP pass to fitting in with the local social norms.

The Art of Understatement

Here’s another fun fact—Norwegians are masters of understatement. If a Norwegian says something is “quite good,” you can bet it’s actually amazing. It’s like everyone’s competing to see who can be the most modest while still appreciating the quality of things. So, if you get a compliment from a Norwegian, know that it’s a BIG deal.

How to ‘Small Talk’ Like a Local

Oh, and if you’re from a culture where small talk is a necessary social lubricant, be prepared for a change. Norwegians are generally straightforward and value meaningful conversation over idle chitchat. You might find that people skip the “How are you?” and go straight to discussing their weekend mountain hiking trip or the latest book they’ve read.

Economy: Where Oil Meets Innovation and Fish Swim in Gold

So, you’ve been dazzled by the landscapes and are getting the hang of saying “Takk” instead of “Thank you.” Great! But let’s pivot a bit and talk about something that hits close to home for everyone—the moolah, the bucks, the economy. Sure, Norway is rich in natural beauty, but did you know it’s also one of the wealthiest countries in the world? Yeah, they’ve got this money thing pretty much figured out.

Oil: Norway’s Liquid Gold

When people think of Norway, they often picture stunning fjords and cozy cabins. But beneath those crystal-clear waters lies something even more attractive to some—black gold, Texas tea, or as we usually call it, oil. Norway is a massive exporter of oil and gas, and this industry is largely responsible for the country’s affluence.

But hold on, it gets even better! Unlike some countries that shall remain nameless, Norway has been super smart about managing its oil wealth. They’ve got the Government Pension Fund Global, essentially a rainy-day fund that ensures Norwegians will live comfortably for generations.

Renewable Energy: A Green Vision

“But wait!” you say, “Isn’t Norway super eco-conscious?” You’re absolutely right! Even though they’ve got loads of oil, they’re also leading the charge in renewable energy. We’re talking wind, hydro, and even thermal energy. In fact, a large portion of the country’s domestic energy comes from hydroelectric power. How’s that for being a good global citizen?

Fishy Business: The Sea of Opportunity

Let’s not forget Norway’s oldest goldmine—fishing. This country is one of the world’s top seafood exporters, including delectable salmon and cod. It’s like every fish that swims through Norwegian waters turns into a golden opportunity.

This industry is so integrated into the national identity, you’d be hard-pressed to find a Norwegian who doesn’t have a fishing story or two to share.

High Cost, High Reward: The Living Standards

Before you pack your bags to move to this financial paradise, you should know something. Norway is expensive—like, “Oh my God, why is this coffee so pricey?” expensive. But you get what you pay for. The high cost of living is balanced by an excellent quality of life, generous social welfare systems, and wages that make those price tags a bit easier to swallow.

Social Welfare System

If you’ve been dreaming of a place where social security isn’t just an elusive concept, you’ve found your utopia. Seriously, the social welfare system here is like the ultra-soft, triple-ply toilet paper of public services: once you’ve experienced it, there’s no going back.

Healthcare: A Breath of Fresh Air—Literally!

The healthcare system here is primarily publicly funded, which means most services are free or at a very low cost.

Got a cough that’s been bugging you? Head on over to the local clinic.

Need a more serious medical intervention? You’re covered.

The focus is on preventative care, so don’t be surprised if your new Norwegian friends are as up-to-date on their vaccinations as they are on their skiing techniques.

Education: A Bright Future for All

In Norway, education is free. Yes, you read that correctly—F-R-E-E, free! This goes for primary education all the way up to university. And we’re not talking about run-of-the-mill, just-get-by kind of education. Norwegian schools rank high in terms of quality, with a strong emphasis on critical thinking, creativity, and, yes, outdoor activities (they really can’t get enough of that fresh air).

Parental Leave: Because Family Matters

If you’re planning on expanding your family while in Norway, first of all—congratulations! Second of all, get ready for some seriously generous parental leave policies. Both parents are entitled to paid leave, and you can even split the time between mom and dad. This allows families to bond with their newest members without worrying about the financial burden. It’s like the government is the world’s best baby shower host, gifting you time and financial security.

Unemployment Benefits and More

Oh, and if life throws you a curveball and you find yourself without a job, don’t sweat it. Norway’s got a robust unemployment benefit system that’s got your back while you’re searching for your next gig. That way, you can focus on landing a job that’s the right fit for you, rather than just any job to pay the bills.

Cultural Nuances: Beyond Trolls and Fairytales, Where Every Day is a New Adventure

So, you’ve fallen in love with Norway’s epic landscapes, marveled at its stellar public services, and even started dipping your toes into the language pool. But what about the cultural quirks that make Norway, well, so uniquely Norwegian? From ancient folklore to modern etiquette, this is where the magic really happens, people!

The Great Outdoors: A Lifestyle, Not Just a Pastime

You might have noticed that Norwegians have an almost spiritual relationship with nature. And no, it’s not just because they’re surrounded by stunning scenery 24/7. The concept of “friluftsliv” (free-loofts-liv), or “open-air life,” is deeply embedded in the culture. Think of it as the Norwegian answer to the American road trip or the Australian beach day.

Whether it’s skiing, hiking, or just enjoying a picnic by the lake, spending time outdoors isn’t just a hobby—it’s a way of life.

Slow TV: Where Less is More

If you’ve ever thought American reality TV was a little too much, get ready for Norway’s answer: Slow TV. Imagine a camera mounted on a train traversing the stunning Norwegian landscape, and that’s your show for the next several hours. Yes, hours. Or maybe it’s a program about knitting, in real-time, without any dramatic cutaways. It’s oddly captivating and gives a whole new meaning to the phrase “Netflix and chill.”

Food: Beyond Brown Cheese

You’ve probably heard about brunost, the iconic Norwegian brown cheese. It’s sweet, it’s tangy, and it’s delicious on waffles. But Norwegian cuisine goes way beyond dairy products. You’ve got fish dishes like rakfisk and klippfisk, hearty stews, and let’s not forget about the cloud-like pastries. With food this good, it’s no wonder Norwegians are so happy!

Punctuality: A National Sport

One quick heads-up: Norwegians take punctuality seriously. Like, Olympic-level seriously. If you’re invited to someone’s house, or you have a meeting, arriving even five minutes late is frowned upon. Consider this your cultural PSA: when in Norway, set your watches a few minutes fast to make sure you’re always on time.

‘Russ’ and ‘Russefeiring’: Teenagers Gone (Safely) Wild

If you’re around in May and spot groups of teens in red or blue overalls, don’t be alarmed. You’ve just stumbled upon “russefeiring,” a Norwegian rite of passage where graduating high school students let loose before their final exams. It’s loud, it’s rowdy, and it’s all in good fun.

Food and Drink: Where Even the Cod Have Their Own Festival

facts about norway

From strange-sounding dishes that you’ll learn to love to beverages that can warm even the coldest Norwegian winter night, let’s feast our eyes (and hopefully soon, our stomachs) on some Norwegian goodies.

The Seafood Scene: Fresher Than a Morning Fjord

Imagine a place where the fish is so fresh, it’s like they volunteered to jump onto your plate. Welcome to Norway’s seafood paradise! We’re talking salmon so tender it melts in your mouth, and cod so iconic it has its own festival (it’s true—Google “Lofoten Fishery” if you don’t believe me). Then there’s the rakfisk—fermented fish that’s an acquired taste but oh-so-rewarding once you’re on board.

Comfort Food: Say Hello to ‘Koldtbord’

When the weather’s cold, the food’s got to be warm and hearty, right? Enter ‘Koldtbord,’ or the cold table—a buffet-style serving of hot and cold dishes. Picture meatballs, casserole, and pickled vegetables all living in harmony on your plate. It’s like a warm hug for your insides and a feast for your eyes.

The Cheese Chronicles: More Than Just Brunost

Brunost gets all the fame, and sure, it’s like the Beyoncé of Norwegian cheeses. But let’s not forget about the backup dancers. There’s Jarlsberg, a nutty and delicious cheese, and gammelost, an old cheese with a strong flavor that’s not for the faint of heart. Cheese lovers, welcome to your Nirvana.

Beverage Buzz: Coffee, Aquavit, and Forest Berries

First off, Norwegians LOVE their coffee. It’s not uncommon to be invited over for a ‘kaffeslabberas’—a coffee and a chat. Now, for something stronger, there’s Aquavit, a potato-based spirit often flavored with herbs. It’s the kind of drink that says, “I’m here, and I mean business.” And for something non-alcoholic, try some forest berry juice made from handpicked berries. It’s like drinking a Norwegian forest, minus the pine needles.

Midnight Snacks: Midnight Sun, Midnight Yum

Lastly, let’s talk about those summer nights when the sun forgets to set. What do you eat when dinner time can technically be anytime? In Northern Norway, people often indulge in late-night barbecues, picnics, or even fishing trips to catch their own midnight snack. It’s a culinary experience that transcends time—literally.

Transportation: Where Even the Tunnels Have Roundabouts

Whether you’re a city slicker or a countryside roamer, Norway’s transportation system is like a well-oiled machine (hmm, notice a theme here?).

A Train Ride Like No Other

First stop, the railways. You might be thinking, “Trains? Really? What’s so special?” Oh, you innocent soul. Norwegian trains offer more than just A to B; they offer you a moving panorama of jaw-dropping scenery.

From the comfort of your seat, you’ll glide past fjords, mountains, and endless forests. And if you’re feeling extra fancy, board the Flåm Railway for a ride that’s often dubbed one of the most beautiful train journeys in the world. Talk about traveling in style!

Tunnels: Not Just for Moles

You know you’re in Norway when even the tunnels are an experience in themselves. The Laerdal Tunnel, for example, is the world’s longest road tunnel, running a staggering 15.3 miles. And get this: it has its own roundabouts and light installations to keep drivers engaged. It’s like a mini-road trip within your road trip!

Ferries: The Floating Bridges

Sure, Norway has a lot of water, but that’s no obstacle; it’s an opportunity! Ferries are a common form of transport here, used by locals and tourists alike to hop between islands or cross fjords. Imagine commuting to work with a fresh sea breeze and the occasional dolphin sighting. Now that’s what I call a great way to start the day!

Biking: The Two-Wheeled Tour

Norway has been investing a lot in making its cities more bike-friendly. So why not join the locals and explore the urban jungle on two wheels? Most cities have bike rental stations, and some even offer electric bikes to give you that extra oomph on uphill climbs.

Public Transit: Efficient as a Swiss Watch

Okay, maybe not Swiss, but definitely Norwegian! Buses, trams, and metros are punctual, clean, and reliable. And if you’re in Oslo, don’t miss out on the boat service that’s actually part of the public transit system. It’s the kind of commute that makes you want to miss your stop on purpose.

Climate: Where Mother Nature Has Mood Swings

Ah, the ever-mesmerizing Norwegian climate—where you can experience four seasons in one day, and sometimes even in one hour! If you’re into predictable, monotonous weather, you might as well stop reading now because Norway’s climate is as dramatic as a season finale of your favorite TV show. But let’s be honest, who doesn’t love a good plot twist?

Fjords and Coasts: Wet, Wild, and Mild

You might think a country touching the Arctic would be as cold as, well, the Arctic. Surprisingly, thanks to the Gulf Stream, coastal Norway is relatively mild. So no, you won’t turn into a human popsicle as soon as you step off the plane. But do bring an umbrella; the western fjords get enough rain to make even a duck invest in rain boots.

Inland Adventures: Where Winter Really Comes

Now, if you’re a fan of winter wonderlands, head inland. Places like Oslo and Trondheim get colder temperatures and snow—lots of it. We’re talking about the kind of winter that makes you want to snuggle up with a cup of hot cocoa and a hefty Norwegian novel. Or, you know, hit the slopes and live out your Winter Olympic dreams.

Northern Lights and Midnight Sun: Free Light Shows!

Oh, and let’s not forget about the star players of the Norwegian climate: the Northern Lights and the Midnight Sun. Venture north during winter, and you might catch the aurora borealis painting the sky with its ethereal glow. And in summer? Well, the sun basically forgets how to set. Perfect for those midnight picnics or golf games—because, yes, midnight golf is a thing here.

Layer, Layer, Layer!

If there’s one piece of advice you should heed, it’s this: layering is key. Think of it as your personal climate control system. A light moisture-wicking base, a cozy middle, and a waterproof top layer, and you’re good to go. With the right outfit, you can go from a sunny hike to a snowball fight without breaking a sweat—or catching a chill.

Weather Apps: Your New Best Friend

Before you head out, always check the weather forecast. And maybe check it again five minutes later, just to be sure. In Norway, the weather can change quicker than a toddler’s mood, so it’s always good to be prepared.

Education and Work Culture: Where Work-Life Balance Isn’t Just a Buzzword

So, you’ve hiked the fjords, eaten your weight in brown cheese, and mastered the art of layering. Now it’s time to talk about something Norwegians take very seriously—education and work. But don’t worry, we’re not swapping our hiking boots for stuffy suits just yet. In Norway, even the way people work and learn has its own flair!

CategoryKey Features
Education SystemFocus on critical thinking, creativity, and outdoor education
University LifeTuition-free public universities; emphasis on self-study
Work CultureEfficiency over hours; generous vacation and parental leave
NetworkingImportance of ‘kaffepause’ and outdoor team-building activities
Unions and EqualityStrong focus on workers’ rights and gender equality

A+ for Education: More Than Just the Three Rs

Norway boasts one of the best education systems in the world, and no, it’s not just about reading, writing, and ‘rithmetic. From a young age, kids are taught critical thinking, creativity, and social skills. Outdoor education is also big here, so don’t be surprised if you see a bunch of kids on a field trip identifying mushrooms instead of being stuck in a classroom.

University Life: Where Education Doesn’t Break the Bank

Thinking about studying in Norway? Get ready for some good news: public universities in Norway are tuition-free for everyone, even international students. The catch? You have to get used to the idea of “self-study,” where the onus is on you to master the material. But hey, who needs spoon-feeding when you can feast on knowledge?

Work Culture: It’s 4 PM, Go Home Already!

If you’re used to the 9-to-5 grind, you might do a double-take when you notice Norwegians packing up their bags at 4 PM. No, they’re not cutting corners; they’re just efficient. The work culture here is focused on productivity, not hours spent in the office.

Did I mention the ample vacation time and generous parental leave? If work-life balance had a poster child, it would be Norway.

Networking, Norwegian Style: Coffee Breaks and Cabin Trips

You might have heard that Norwegians are reserved, but that’s only until you get to know them. Coffee breaks, known as ‘kaffepause,’ are less about caffeine and more about socializing. Some companies even take team-building to the next level with cabin trips—imagine discussing Q3 projections while on a ski slope or around a campfire!

Unions and Equality: More Than Just Lip Service

Norway is big on workers’ rights and gender equality. Many workers are part of unions, and there’s a strong focus on equal pay and opportunities for all. So whether you’re a CEO or a summer intern, your voice is valued, and your rights are respected.

Entertainment and Leisure

When it comes to leisure activities, Norway is an all-you-can-eat buffet of fun, excitement, and, of course, natural beauty. But don’t just take my word for it; let’s dive into the smorgasbord of entertainment options that await you in this Nordic playground.

Adventure Time: The Great Outdoors is Your Playground

Norwegians have a saying, “There’s no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing.” So suit up and hit the great outdoors! Whether it’s skiing down the world-class slopes, kayaking through the fjords, or taking a leisurely forest hike, there’s never a dull moment. And hey, if you’re feeling extra daring, how about a glacier walk? Yep, that’s a thing here!

Music to Your Ears: From Black Metal to Classical

Norwegian music is as diverse as its landscape. On one end, you’ve got the birthplace of Black Metal, and on the other, the sweet, melodic tunes of the Hardanger fiddle. Whether you’re headbanging at a rock concert or swaying to the rhythm of a jazz festival, your ears are in for a treat.

Film Festivals and Indie Cinemas: More than Just Popcorn Flicks

If your idea of a great time is sinking into a plush seat with a tub of popcorn, Norway’s got you covered. The country is home to numerous film festivals that showcase everything from indie gems to blockbuster hits. Plus, with the stunning landscapes, you might just recognize some of the scenery from your favorite films!

Literature and Libraries: Where Books Are the New Black

Books, glorious books! Norwegians are voracious readers, and it shows in their fantastic libraries and bookshops. Curl up with a classic like Ibsen or lose yourself in a thrilling crime novel by Jo Nesbø. If you’re in Oslo, make sure to check out the Deichman Bjørvika, a library that’s so cool it could double as a spaceship!

Food and Drink: The Entertainment You Can Eat

We’ve already covered the scrumptious side of Norway, but let’s face it, eating is a leisure activity in itself. From food festivals celebrating everything from seafood to berries, to a thriving café culture where ‘kaffepause’ (coffee break) is almost a sacred ritual, your palate is in for a good time.

Gaming and eSports: Not Just for Basement Dwellers

Believe it or not, Norway has a burgeoning gaming scene. Whether you’re into video games or traditional board games, there’s a community here for you. And if you’re into eSports, get ready to cheer for your favorite Norwegian teams as they battle it out on the global stage.

Bonus: Quirky Facts About Norway

In this bonus section, we’re delving into the odd, the endearing, and the downright peculiar things that make Norway, well, uniquely Norwegian. Hold onto your knitted hats, folks, because we’re going off the beaten fjord!

The Art of Dugnad

Picture this: a whole community coming together to spruce up a school, plant trees, or even build a playground. No, it’s not a scene from a feel-good movie; it’s “dugnad,” a cherished Norwegian tradition of volunteer work. Think of it as a barn-raising, but with more socializing and definitely more waffles.

Russefeiring: The Party of a Lifetime

Imagine spending your last spring in high school wearing overalls, driving around in buses or vans, and basically partying like there’s no tomorrow. Welcome to “russefeiring,” a coming-of-age celebration that makes other graduation parties look like a tea party. Don’t be surprised if you see groups of teenagers in colorful overalls causing harmless mischief around town!

The Norwegian Love for…Taco?

Yes, you read that right. Norwegians have a surprising fondness for tacos! So much so, that Friday nights are often dubbed “Taco Fridays,” where families gather around to build their own tacos. Don’t ask why; just grab a tortilla and join the fiesta.

Turbo-Charged Easter: Crime Novels and Skiing

Most people associate Easter with bunnies and egg hunts, but in Norway, it’s also about crime novels and skiing. Known as “Easter crime” or “Påskekrim,” publishers release new crime novels just before the holiday, and families often read them or watch crime dramas together. All this while enjoying their Easter break in cozy mountain cabins, naturally.

The Right to Roam: Allemannsretten

Forget “No Trespassing” signs. In Norway, the “allemannsretten” or “the right to roam” allows you to freely explore nature as long as you show respect for the environment and private property. So go ahead, wander through that forest, or take a dip in that lake; it’s your right, after all!

The Ongoing Butter Crisis

This one’s a head-scratcher. Every now and then, Norway faces a so-called “butter crisis,” where demand outstrips supply, leading to empty store shelves and inflated prices. Don’t worry, it doesn’t happen too often, but when it does, it’s a hot topic of conversation!

Related: The Most Interesting Things To Do in Norway in 2024


Born in Trondheim and armed with a degree in International Relations, Sofia is our go-to Relocation Expert. She combines local know-how with international experience to offer tailored, empathetic advice for a seamless move to Norway.

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